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Friday, 15th December 2017

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Viv Forbes

Viv has a degree in Applied Science Geology and is a Fellow of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

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Victims of Climate Wars seek Asylum in Asia


People migrate when they are starving, fearful or oppressed. Industries are the same.

At the same time that unhappy people are flooding towards Europe and Australia, the climate wars in those same countries are sending struggling business refugees to Asia. They are migrating as government promotion of expensive intermittent energy (wind and solar) and government taxes on hydro-carbon energy cause soaring electricity costs and falling profits.

The sad results of Europe’s infatuation with wind and solar energy toys are clear. Without Russian gas, French nuclear, Scandinavian hydro, North Sea oil, Iceland geothermal and German and Polish coal, the European green zone would freeze in the dark every winter.

Green energy is not the solution – it is the problem.

Denmark is a wind energy poster-child. When the wind blows, electricity prices go into free-fall and surplus Danish power is exported to Scandinavia - at discounted prices. Then when the wind drops, the canny Swedes send hydro power back to the Danes - at peak prices. So Danish wind power does indeed deliver cheap energy (at times) – but to Sweden. Scotland is treading a similar road and its last reliable coal-fired generator was closed last week.

At the height of the solar energy bubble, the sunny Mediterranean countries spent their credit-worthiness in subsidising solar and wind energy. From Spain to Greece, they are now facing bankruptcy, and their industries are migrating.

German politicians illustrate the full spectrum of energy foolishness. They dream of closing their efficient nuclear and coal generators, while also becoming independent of Russian gas and banning shale gas exploration. No wonder their real industries are migrating.

Australia is following Europe, just more slowly. Already much of our industrial base has migrated to Asia or plans to: metal smelting and refining, steel making, oil refining, car and tool manufacturing, weapons and equipment making, food processing and so on.

And, as green doomsters in developed nations also advocate dumping shares in hydro-carbon producing companies, smarter people are picking up these shares at bargain prices, so control and management is also fleeing from the climate wars to Asia.

At the same time, scarce capital in the green war zone is being frittered on UN schemes to inflict green energy on the third world.

Future generations will look back in wonder at this futile expulsion of our capital, industry and jobs. It will not reduce CO2 emissions – just moves them elsewhere with not the slightest effect on Earth’s climate or biosphere.



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Comments

PLUS ...... DIRTY ELECTRICITY has many negative effects on human health. Plenty info on the net. One day soon there will be a number of legal actions over these 'situations'.

Raw electricity delivered to the consumer is DIRTY and ERRATIC and the supply of same, beyond the meter box is NOT as best as it can be and is therefore not able to be efficiently used/consumed. There is a LOT of waste.'Some associates' are bringing in new technology P& E to 'economise' consumption without loss of business demand for efficient operations. Targeting 20 to 25% 'savings' !? Several 'extra' benefits in business P& E efficiencies, reliability and longevity. "we' should be in the market for investors by about Sept '15. Via Pub Coys and with attractive PE's.

...AND for Political diplomacy the Asian countries will 'pay lip service' to participating in climate control measures etc. China has so much demand for industrialisation it will have to continue to use coal fire powered and nuclear powered stations with the end result of not really achieving and CO2 etc reductions. China can absorb MANY migrating industries and as soon as they have the 'working knowledge' the original owner's and emigree's will no longer be required. Then they will have to 'Go home'. Great short term business opps. but do not burn the bridges.

So Tman we are paying to make coal so cheap, that's what we have been saying. Hoping Julie is successful with stopping the rort.

The great Fossile Fuel subsidy has Julie Bishop worried
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/bishop-flags-talks-on-axing-fossil-fuel-subsidies-20140620-zsggt.html
Businesses in Tony Abbott's own electorate have gone off grid and are saving each and every week, The times they are a changing.

Belief in manmade global warming depends on acting as if the laws of physics are suspended and we are living in a special time in which the climate is unchanging apart from the hand of man. In a sense we actually are living in a special time relative to the last 3 million years, which has been an ice age. The special time we live in is an interglacial period—a temporary respite in that ice age. For 90 percent of the time, the Earth is in a glacial period with much lower temperatures and a much lower sea level. During those glacial periods, several thousand feet of ice rest on Manhattan Island, with the ice belt extending west to Iowa. Colder is also drier, so the vegetated area of the planet shrinks dramatically during glacial periods.
We are living in what is called the Holocene interglacial period. The warmest period of the Holocene was the Holocene Optimum, 8,000 years ago. At that time sea level was two meters higher than it is today. Since the Holocene Optimum, the Earth has been in a long-term temperature decline of about 0.25°C per thousand years.
For the first 2 million years of the current ice age, glaciations—when temperatures drop and glaciers spread—were about 40,000 years apart. They are now about a 100,000 years apart. Thus there have been some sixty glaciations in the last 3 million years. During each glaciation, sea level may be 120 meters lower than it is currently. The Great Barrier Reef, as we currently know it, off the northeast coast of Australia, initially formed in the Eocene period about 50 million years ago. That same reef has been killed off by cold temperatures some sixty times in the last 3 million years and has recovered each time. The same could be said for every temperate climate habitat on the planet.

The Sun drives climate. The demonstrated relationship between solar activity and climate predicts a severe cooling out to at least the year 2040—that is, for the next quarter of a century or so. Meanwhile, changes in the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration will have a minuscule effect on climate. Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide is not even a little bit bad. It is, in fact, wholly beneficial. The more carbon dioxide we can put into the atmosphere, the better life on Earth will be for human beings and all other living things.

It is often said here and else that the Government must stop "investing" in green alternatives. Julie Bishop has correctly said that the world must stop spending $545 BILLION a year on fossil fuel subsidies. The article above is Public Funds.
For fairness no subsidies should be paid, then it will be a level playfield.
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/bishop-flags-talks-on-axing-fossil-fuel-subsidies-20140620-zsggt.html

Don't you know the difference between investment and subsidies?

Aussie technology leading the way .................................................As the world continues to grapple with the challenges of combatting climate change one of its most reliable power sources has increasingly been maligned as a large culprit in contributing to the problem.


Still, time and time again, studies around the world have suggested that even with advances in renewables and alternative energy generation technologies, coal will continue to play a vital role in the world’s energy production into the future.

This knowledge has spurred the Australian coal industry to muster its efforts behind a global effort to develop low-emissions technology for coal-fired power stations.

In March, the curtains were drawn on the world’s first industrial scale (30mW electrical output) demonstration of a technology known as Oxyfuel.

Giving new life to the closed-down Callide A coal-fired power station in central Queensland, the technology was retro-fitted to the plant, achieving 10,000 hours of oxy-combustion and more than 5500 hours of carbon capture, signalling a major milestone on the road to commercial application of the technology.

The technology used conventional methods for power generation from coal, albeit with a few key differences.

“Essentially the way it works is that we start up a coal-fired boiler in the normal way, get it all up and running, and then we start to reduce the air going in and we start to recycle some of the actual flue (waste) gas which normally just goes straight up the stack,” Oxyfuel project director Dr Chris Spero explained.

“Into that recycled gas stream we inject oxygen from the air separation units where nitrogen has been stripped out.

“The key thing about this process modification is that we use exactly the same amount of coal and oxygen but the difference is: because the nitrogen has been pulled out - the amount of flue gas that goes up the chimney stack is a bit under 1/3 [of traditional amounts].”

The resulting concentrated amounts of carbon dioxide were then captured from the station, some of it going to the CO2CRC, a collaborative carbon capture and storage research organisation which used the gas to test how it affected deep rock formations in the Otway Basin when injected and stored.

Costing $245 million over its near three-year life, the project was put together by a joint venture between station owner CS Energy, the Australian Coal Association Low Emission Technologies company (ACALET), Glencore, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and Japanese participants JPower, Mitsui and IHI.

The Australian government contributed $63 million through its Low Emissions Technology Demonstration fund, while the Queensland government contributed $10 million.

Other funding, coming from the Japanese companies behind some of the oxyfuel technology as well as others amounted to $95 million, while the Australian coal industry at large sunk $76.9 million through its ACALET-operated Coal21 fund.

The Coal21 fund was established in 2006 through what was then the Australian Coal Association, to finance the pre-commercial demonstration work needed to develop key technologies for the industry.

The ACA, which has since rolled into the Minerals Council of Australia, established the fund based on a voluntary levy and has contributed funds to a long list of projects.

“It was recognised that the whole question of greenhouse gas emissions from coal use in any form - but most immediately power generation – was really an industry-wide issue,” ACALET deputy director technology Jim Craigen said.

“It’s not for any one coal company as a fuel supplier to try and find solutions. An industry-wide issue requires an industry-wide approach.

“The Coal21 fund was used as a vehicle by which nearly all the coal companies agreed to contribute funding according to their production. So the bigger guys pay more than the little guys.

“It’s a 20c per tonne levy on saleable coal and that’s under a series of voluntary agreements.

“So each individual coal producer - and in some cases that goes right down to individual mines - entered into a contractual agreement to pay this 20c per tonne which then creates the fund which enables us to invest in these projects on their behalf.”

With no government intervention or legislation forcing the industry’s hand, the Coal21 fund is unique in the world as far as ACALET is aware.

“It’s a global issue therefore we need global solutions,” Craigen said.

‘Australia is a relatively small nation with a small economy, so we’re certainly not going to solve the world’s problems all on our own, but we are making a contribution to that global effort and I would suggest that Australia, not just in coal but in renewables and all that other stuff as well, we’re punching well above our weight.”

Since its inception, Coal21 has contributed more than $300 million to a range of coal-related projects throughout the country.

Following the close of the Oxyfuel project the big job of consolidating all the data gained has begun.

A technical manual will be produced as a result, covering the project and analysing and assessing the results.

The JV partners are looking for commercialisation opportunities for the technology both domestically and overseas, with some of the Japanese participants looking to take the next step up in scale through projects in North America.

“Our project has helped create a pathway for the design and construction of larger scale oxy-combustion plants with carbon capture, as both bolt-on technology to existing plants and as new-build plants,” project director Spero said.

“The future for this technology is very exciting.”

Not wanting to let the equipment used at Callide go to waste, the JV has begun approaching other projects to see how the infrastructure could be used again.

“A number of organisations are looking at going the next step in clean coal and we have indicated to them that our equipment is available for re-use on those projects,” Spero said.

“The intent is not to try and profit out of it, it’s just we don’t want the equipment to be wasted. We’d like to see the equipment now being reused to further other projects.

“As an example, we have had discussions and made representations to the Collie hub carbon capture and storage project in Western Australia.

“We’re not directly involved but we’ve sent them detailed information about what equipment we have available and we’ve invited them to consider the suitability of some of that equipment for their own projects should they get to financial close. And we’ve done that with others as well.”

According to Spero, the work done at Callide will most likely prove to be a game-changer for any consideration of coal-fired power plants in Australia in the future.

“They would be capture-ready, there would be some features that would be incorporating the learnings from this technology,” he said.

“I don’t think we’ll be able to look at coal-fired power generation in quite the same way that we have been.”

Quote"That is the assessment, not of environmental groups (although they would no doubt agree), but of the largest privately-owned power generation company in the country, AGL Energy.

“(About) 75 per cent of the existing thermal plant has passed its useful life,” AGL Energy economists say in a new research paper. But they note that the generator owners do not want to shut them down because it is too expensive to do so. “At present, there is around 7 GW of surplus capacity in the NEM. The system is relying upon ageing baseload coal-fired generation.”"

So much for clean coal .

That is total B.S. Tman and you know it.

See
http://dea.org.au/images/general/How_coal_burns_Aust._-_True_cost_of_burning_coal_04-13.pdf

Tman what is simply incorrect. Viv gave a description of the very latest generator with absolutely all possible systems to "clean" their emissions, I can not find even one generator in Australia that comes close to that theoretical standard. Viv was quite deliberate in his ambiguity.

As long as you have water in the tap Tman its the excuse used to give our tax money to National constituents

http://investmentwatchblog.com/with-record-ice-for-the-second-year-in-a-row-in-antarctica-and-record-cold-temperatures-around-the-southern-oceans-it-would-stand-to-reason-that-there-will-be-icebergs-this-year-in-shipping-lanes-tha/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed: Investmentwatch (InvestmentWatchBlog)

An excellent article dispelling the CO2 climate change lie ......................................WASHINGTON Institute of World Politics Visiting Fellow and former coal mine worker David Archibald has hit out at the commonly held but “erroneous” notion that carbon dioxide causes global warming.
Archibald submitted the following article in response to a feature published in the March edition of International Coal News detailing the coal sector’s push to become part of the carbon solution, rather than the problem:
IT SADDENS ME when I read a trade journal such as International Coal News and it contains an article that is based on global warming due to carbon dioxide being real. That might lead to some people in the industry thinking that what they do for a living is inherently bad and that how they earn their living is a necessary evil. It’s not, because global warming due to carbon dioxide isn’t happening. It is a complete fiction.

While climate change is real in that the climate is always changing and the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide is real, the effect at the current atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide is minuscule. The greenhouse gasses keep the planet 30 degree C warmer than it would otherwise be if they weren’t in the atmosphere. So the average temperature of the planet’s surface is 15C instead of -15C. Of that effect, 80% is provided by water vapour, 10% by carbon dioxide and methane, ozone and so on make up the remaining 10%. So the warming provided by carbon dioxide is 3C. The pre-industrial level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was 286 parts per million.

Let’s round that up to 300ppm to make the maths easier. You could be forgiven for thinking that if 300ppm produces three degrees of warming, the relationship is that every one hundred parts per million produces a degree of warming. We are adding 2ppm to the atmosphere each year which is 100ppm every 50 years and at that rate the world would heat up at a fair clip.
But the relationship isn’t arithmetic, it is logarithmic.

The University of Chicago has an online program called Modtran which allows you to put in an assumed atmospheric carbon dioxide content and it will tell you how much atmospheric heating that produces. It turns out that the first 20ppm produces half of the heating effect to date. The effect rapidly drops away as the carbon dioxide concentration increases. By the time we get to the current level in the atmosphere of 400ppm, the heating effect is only 0.1C per one hundred parts per million. At that rate, the temperature of the atmosphere might rise by 0.2C every 100 years. The relationship between atmospheric concentration and heating effect is shown by the graph published here.

The total atmospheric heating from carbon dioxide to date is of the order of 0.1C. By the time humanity has dug up all the rocks we can economically burn, and burnt them, the total heating effect from carbon dioxide might be of the order of 0.4C. This would take a couple of centuries. A rise of this magnitude would be lost in the noise of the climate system. This agrees with observations which have not found any signature from carbon dioxide-related heating in the atmosphere.

The carbon dioxide level of the atmosphere is actually dangerously low, not dangerously high. During the glacial periods of our current ice age, the level got as low as 180ppm. Plant growth shuts down at 150ppm. Several times in the last three million years, life above sea level came within 30ppm of extinction due to a lack of carbon dioxide. The more humanity can increase the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, the safer life on Earth will be.
This is also a far more plausible reason for the warming of the planet during the current Modern Warm Period which followed the ending of the Little Ice Age in 1900. The energy that keeps the Earth from looking like Pluto comes from the Sun and the level and make-up of that energy does change.

The Sun was more active in the second half of the 20th century than it had been in the previous 8000 years. The Sun started getting more active in the mid-19th century and the world’s glaciers started retreating at about the same time. Since the 1970s, the world has enjoyed the best climatic conditions, and thus agricultural growing conditions, since the 13th century. But what the Sun gives it can also take away. Solar physicists have been warning for over a decade now that the Sun is entering a prolonged period of low activity similar to that of the Maunder Minimum from 1645 to 1710.

The reduction in solar activity now being observed will result in temperatures returning to the levels of the mid-19th century at best, with the possibility of revisiting the lows of the 17th and 18th centuries. Peak summer temperatures may not change much but the length of the growing season will shorten at both ends, playing havoc with crop yields.

The notion of global warming has resulted in an enormous misallocation of resources in some Western societies but we can be thankful to it for one thing. If it had not been for the outrageous prostitution of science in the global warming cause, then the field of climate would not have attracted the attention that has determined what is actually happening to the Earth’s climate. Humanity would otherwise be sleepwalking into the severe cold period in train. Global warming due to carbon dioxide is of no consequence and the world is cooling anyway.

David Archibald is the author of Twilight of Abundance (Regnery, 2014).

They are now claiming it is the widest spread, no-one has disputed it this time
It must have been very close in January.
And The Christ Child appears to be coming.

The BOM is like CSIRO...."We'll give you any data you want if the price is right"...Sadly, it's all about the $$$$$$$$$$$$$

And these bloody bastards are allowed to get away with their lies every time!!